Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN)

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Total parenteral nutrition is a form of feeding your body the nutrients it needs by bypassing your digestive system and feeding nutrient-rich liquid directly into your vein. TPN is normally administered through a large vein in your chest area under local anesthesia. Patients can use different types and sizes of catheters depending on their condition or treatment length. After your catheter is in place, a chest x-ray is performed to ensure the catheter is in the right place. To prevent infections, the outside tubing leading from the bag of solution to the catheter is changed daily, as well as the special dressings that cover the catheter. To learn more about TPN, contact the gastroenterology specialists at GI Alliance.

Total parenteral nutrition is useful in several situations. Some of the most common reasons that TPN is used include:

  • Intestines are obstructed
  • Short Bowel Syndrome
  • Microvillus Inclusion Disease
  • Abnormal gastrointestinal connection
  • Patients don’t receive enough nutrition from eating
  • To allow your digestive system to rest and recover
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Gallbladder disease
  • Ulcerative colitis
  • Pancreatitis
  • Severe diarrhea

It can also assist with situations like severe burns, patients going through chemotherapy or radiation, malnourishment before surgery, those on a transplant list, those with AIDS, and gastroparesis. Connect with a GI doctor at GI Alliance for more information on how to get the treatment you need for your health.

The combination of nutrients for each patient varies depending on condition, age, weight, or height. Your TPN solution may contain:

  • Sugars (dextrose)
  • Protein
  • Fats
  • Potassium
  • Sodium
  • Calcium
  • Magnesium
  • Chloride
  • Phosphate
  • Zinc
  • Copper
  • Manganese
  • Chromium
  • Vitamins
  • Insulin
  • Water

Most adults will be administered two liters of TPN solution daily. It is typically administered for 10 to 12 hours during the day, five to seven times a week, or for 12 to 14 hours throughout the night. Schedule an appointment at GI Alliance to meet with a GI physician that can help you live the life you deserve with treatment that is customized to you.

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If you've dealt with gastrointestinal issues and are ready for change, contact the GI specialists at GI Alliance. Total parenteral nutrition is an effective way to enhance your health by giving your body the nutrients it needs to thrive. Schedule an appointment today to get started.

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