Symptoms, Conditions & Procedures

GI Conditions

Acid Reflux

We experience “heartburn” or acid reflux when the lower esophageal sphincter does not close fully and allows stomach acid back up into the esophagus.

Anal Fissure

An anal fissure is a small tear in the tissue that lines the anus that causes pain with bowel movements. A tear can cause blood in the stool.

Anemia/Iron Deficiency

Anemia is a condition where your blood does not have enough healthy red cells to transport oxygen. A common cause of anemia is iron deficiency.

Barrett's Esophagus

Barrett's Esophagus is a complication of GERD where the tissue lining the esophagus changes to more resemble the tissue in the small intestine.

Biliary Obstruction

Biliary obstruction is a block or issue within the biliary system which transports bile through the gallbladder to the small intestine to digest food.

C. Difficile Colitis

C. difficile colitis is inflammation in the colon due to a bacterial infection of clostridium difficile. Symptoms can range from mild to very severe.

Celiac Disease

Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease that affects the body’s ability to break down gluten when it is consumed, causing digestive problems.


Colitis refers to general inflammation of the inner lining of the colon. It can have multiple causes including infection and Crohn's disease.

Colon Cancer

Colon cancer is a potentially deadly disease that begins as benign polyps in the colon. These can be detected and removed during a colonoscopy.

Colorectal Polyps

Colorectal polyps are benign growths found in the colon (large intestine) or the rectum. While they are usually harmless, they can become cancerous.

Crohn's Disease

Crohn’s disease is an inflammatory condition of the GI tract. It can often be improved with diet but is commonly treated with medication and surgery.

Cyclic Vomiting Syndrome (CVS)

Cyclic vomiting syndrome (CVS) involves repeated cycles of vomiting where the patient may vomit anywhere from six to twenty times before it abates.


Diverticulitis is a possible complication of the disease diverticulosis where infection or inflammation occurs in the outer lining of the intestine.


Diverticulosis is where small pouches of your intestines bulge out through the outer lining of the colon. This disease can lead to diverticulitis.


Dysphagia is the inability, the sensation, or difficulty that comes from swallowing food or liquid caused by muscle spasms or other internal issues.


When someone past the age of toilet training suffers from fecal incontinence and frequently soils clothes, it is a condition called encopresis.

Eosinophilic Esophagitis

Eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) is an inflammatory disease of the esophagus that can cause difficulty swallowing, acid reflux, and upper stomach pain.

Esophageal Cancer

Esophageal cancer is a type of cancer that affects the esophagus. Risk factors for this cancer include diet, smoking, and Barrett's esophagus.

Esophageal Motility Disorder

Esophageal motility disorder is an umbrella term for a variety of disorders that make swallowing and getting food to your stomach very difficult.


Esophagitis is a general term for the inflammation of the esophagus (the tube that delivers food from your mouth to your stomach).

Failure to Thrive (FTT)

Failure to thrive (FTT) is a condition in which an infant or toddler is not gaining the appropriate amount of weight for their stage of growth.

Fatty Liver Disease

Fatty liver disease is a condition where fat builds up in the liver cells and causes inflammation and scarring, which can lead to irreversible damage.


A fistula is an abnormal connection between two hollow organs in the body and can occur as a result of injury, disease, or can be medically induced.

Food Allergies

A food allergy is where the body has an immune system reaction to a food substance, typically to a common allergen like peanuts, soy, wheat, or eggs.

Food Intolerance

A food intolerance is where the body has trouble digesting certain foods and is typically characterized by bloating, diarrhea, fatigue, and vomiting.

Gallbladder Disease

Gallbladder disease encompasses various negative issues that affect your gallbladder such as gallstones, cholecystitis, and biliary dyskinesia.


Gastritis describes what happens when the lining of the stomach gets inflamed, irritated, or eroded and can increase the risk of ulcers and cancer.


GERD is a condition involving the regurgitation of stomach acid into the esophagus and is often characterized by the symptom of heartburn.

Helicobacter Pylori

Helicobacter Pylori is a bacteria that can cause an infection that leads to stomach ulcers. An infection is typically treated with two antibiotics.


Hemorrhoids are swollen veins that occur in or around the anus. The condition can cause bleeding and discomfort but can be treated effectively.


Hepatitis is a group of conditions that cause inflammation in the liver, the most common types being hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C.

Hiatal Hernia

A hiatal hernia happens when a portion of the stomach pushes through the small hole in your diaphragm (hiatus) causing acid buildup and heartburn.


Ileitis is a condition characterized by irritation or inflammation of the ileum, the last part of the small intestine that joins the large intestine.

Impacted Bowel

Impacted bowels happen when a hard, dry mass of stool gets stuck in the colon and blocks the passage of waste, causing abdominal bloating and pain.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a term used to describe inflammation in the digestive tract typically caused by an immune system malfunction.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic disorder affecting the digestive tract. It can often be managed through lifestyle changes and medications.


Jaundice is a condition characterized by the yellowing of the skin and eyes. It is very common in newborns and can be treated with phototherapy.

Lactose Intolerance

Lactose intolerance is when the body is not producing enough of the enzyme lactase to break down lactose in the foods and drinks you ingest.

Liver Cirrhosis

Liver cirrhosis is described as the condition that results when the liver becomes inflamed and scarred from late-stage liver disease and alcoholism.

Non-alcoholic Steatohepatitis

Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a condition caused by a buildup of fat in the liver that leads to inflammation and damage in the organ.


Obesity is defined as having an excessive amount of body fat, which can lead to other complications such as certain cancers and heart disease.

Pancreatic Cancer

Pancreatic cancer is when cells in the pancreas grow out of control and form into tumors. Possible treatments include surgery and radiation therapy.

Pancreatic Cysts

Pancreatic cysts are pockets of fluid or semisolid matter that can be cancerous or benign. Symptoms can include bloating, nausea, and vomitting.


Pancreatitis is when the pancreas becomes inflamed. It can be caused by alcohol consumption, smoking, gallstones, abdominal surgery, or infection.

Peptic Ulcers

Peptic ulcers are open sores within the stomach or upper small intestine that allow acid to erode the tissues, causing discomfort, bleeding, and pain.

Primary Biliary Cholangitis

Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is a rare, chronic, progressive, autoimmune liver disease that destroys the bile ducts in your liver.

Primary Sclerosing Cholangitis

Primary sclerosing cholangitis affects the liver’s bile ducts inside and outside causing inflammation, scarring, and narrowing, leading to cirrhosis.

Stomach Cancer

Stomach cancer (also called gastric cancer) is cancer (the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells) that originates in the inner layers of the stomach.

Submucosal Lesions

Submucosal lesions are growths located under the mucosal layer. The majority are asymptomatic and benign in nature and will not require treatment.

Ulcerative Colitis

Ulcerative colitis causes inflammation of the inner lining of the colon. It may be treated with lifestyle modification, medication, and/or surgery.