Anal Fissure

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What is an anal fissure?

An anal fissure is a small tear, or cut, in the tissue that lines the anus. There is thin, delicate tissue called mucosa that makes up the lining of the anus, and it may get tears in it for many reasons such as passing large stools during a bowel movement. Typically, anal fissures cause pain with bowel movements and finding blood in your stool. An anal fissure could also lead to spasms in the muscle at the end of the anus, known as the anal sphincter.

An anal fissure is considered a chronic condition if you have had the fissure for 6 – 8 weeks, or if it is a commonly recurring issue. If you believe you may have an anal fissure, contact GI Alliance and schedule an appointment with a gastrointestinal specialist.

What are the causes of an anal fissure?

There are common causes of an anal fissure. These causes can include a variety of different things. They include but are not limited to:

  • Constipation
  • Straining during bowel movements
  • Passing large and/or hard stools
  • Anal intercourse
  • Childbirth
  • Chronic diarrhea

When it comes to an anal fissure, there are also a few factors that can increase an individual’s risk. These risk factors can include:

  • Constipation
  • Age (anal fissures occur more commonly in infants and middle-aged adults)
  • Childbirth
  • Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD)
  • Anal intercourse
  • STDs and HIV

What are the symptoms of an anal fissure?

Common signs and symptoms of an anal fissure include but are not limited to:

  • Pain during bowel movements
  • A visible crack or tear in the skin around the anus
  • Bright red blood in the stool
  • Lasting pain after a bowel movement

You should contact a GI Alliance gastroenterologist if you experience any combination of these symptoms, or if any of these symptoms become severe. You should always contact a doctor about blood in your stool.

What are the possible complications of an anal fissure?

Anal fissures can be very uncomfortable but don't usually lead to any more serious conditions. Fissures are a common problem in adults. A few common complications that come with having an anal fissure could include:

  • Failure to heal
  • Recurrence of the fissure
  • Tear in the surrounding muscles

You should talk to your GI doctor at GI Alliance about any concerns you may have regarding complications from your anal fissure.

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What are the treatments for an anal fissure?

Anal fissures will often heal on their own within a few weeks. To allow for anal fissures to heal, and prevent them from returning, your doctor may recommend:

  • Maintain a healthy diet with plenty of fiber
  • Avoid being constipated
  • Drink plenty of water

Other treatment options may include:

  • Topical ointments and creams for increased blood flow to the fissure, and pain relief
  • BOTOX® injections to relax muscle spasms
  • Blood pressure medication to relax the anal sphincter
  • Surgery (less common)

You should talk to your GI doctor about the best treatment options for you. Our team is dedicated to ensuring that you get the personalized care and relief you need.

Relief you deserve

An anal fissure can be a painful condition to deal with. For assistance, contact your local GI Alliance location to connect with a gastroenterology specialist that can help you get the relief you need to have normal bowel movements. Schedule an appointment today to get started.

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