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Colorectal Surgery

Offering Surgical Solutions for Your GI Issues

What is Colorectal Surgery?

Colorectal surgery refers to any surgical procedures relating to the colon, rectum, and anus, and is performed by a colorectal surgeon. Most commonly, colorectal surgery is utilized for the treatment of colon/rectal cancer, and the removal of colon polyps. Your gastroenterologist can refer you to a colorectal surgeon to address any number of gastrointestinal issues. Your colorectal surgeon will perform any necessary surgery, or can discuss and utilize non-surgical options.

What Conditions are Treated by Colorectal Surgeons?

Colorectal surgeons treat a wide variety of gastrointestinal concerns. A patient could be referred to a colorectal surgeon for any issue that applies to the gastrointestinal tract, and colorectal surgeons often have a broad skill set, and can recommend colorectal surgery, or non-surgical treatment options. Common conditions that are treated using colorectal surgery include:

  • Colon and rectal cancer
  • Treatment for Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
  • Hemorrhoids
  • Anal fissures
  • Fistulas
  • Hernias
  • Diverticulitis
  • Motility problems of the colon including constipation and incontinence

Other methods of treatment that are addressed non-surgically by colorectal surgeons include pelvic floor physical therapy, non-operative treatment of hemorrhoids, and biofeedback.

What Is The Difference Between A Gastroenterologist And A Colorectal Surgeon?

Both gastroenterologists and colorectal surgeons are physicians that deal with gastrointestinal issues, but there are differences in their education, and daily practices. Gastroenterology is a specialty under the umbrella of internal medicine, and colorectal surgery is a specialty under general surgery. Gastroenterologists focus more on the medical management of their patients following diagnosis, whereas a colorectal surgeon’s main concern is the one time treatment of an issue.


Our various methods of colorectal treatment through surgery allow for the most personalized and effective care for our patients.

  • Non-operative treatment of hemorrhoids
  • Specialized pelvic floor physical therapy
  • Laparoscopic and minimally invasive colon surgery
  • Robotic colon surgery
  • Gastrointestinal surgery
  • Sacral neuromodulation (InterStim)
  • Solesta injection for fecal incontinence
  • Anorectal and colon surgery
  • Colonoscopy
  • and more

Clifton Cox, M.D.
Colorectal Surgeon

Farshid Araghizadeh, M.D.
Colorectal Surgeon

Nathan Smallwood, M.D.
Colorectal Surgeon

Colorectal Surgery

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Anal Fissure

What is an Anal Fissure? An anal fissure is a small tear or cut in the tissue that lines the anus. There is thin, delicate tissue called mucosa that...

Anorectal Surgery

What is Anorectal Surgery? Anorectal surgery is a surgical procedure to treat anal and rectal conditions and cancer, generally by the removal (resection) of a portion of the anus,...

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Colon Surgery

What is Colon Surgery? Colon surgery is the use of any surgical procedures to treat a problem in the colon. Common conditions that can be treated using colon surgery...

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Colorectal Polyps

What are Colorectal Polyps? Colorectal polyps, sometimes referred to as colon polyps, are a common occurrence in the United States. The term “colorectal” refers to the colon and the...

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Crohns Disease

What is Crohn’s Disease? Crohn’s Disease is a part of a group of conditions called inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). It causes uncomfortable inflammation of your digestive tract, namely your...

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What Is Diverticulitis? Diverticulitis is a condition that could follow in a person with diverticulosis. Diverticulosis is a condition where small pouches or pockets called diverticula bulge through the...

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What Is Diverticulosis? Diverticulosis is a disease where small pouches of your intestine bulge outward through the outer lining of the colon. While these pouches called diverticula can present...

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What is a Fistula? The term fistula refers to an abnormal connection between two hollow organs in the body. Fistulae can occur as a result of injury or disease...

Gastrointestinal Surgery

What is Gastrointestinal Surgery? Gastrointestinal surgery is the use of surgical methods to treat any disorder of the gastrointestinal tract. This means if you have any diseases or conditions...

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IBD - Inflammatory Bowel Disease

What is IBD (Inflammatory Bowel Disease)? Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) is a general term to describe inflammation in your digestive tract. IBD can be categorized into two similar but...

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Laparoscopic Colon Surgery

What is Laparoscopic Colon Surgery? Laparoscopic colon surgery is a procedure in which the surgeon performs surgery to abdominal organs through a few small incisions in the abdomen. The...

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Robotic Colon Surgery

What is Robotic Colon Surgery? Robotic colon surgery is a minimally invasive surgical alternative for some individuals and provides cutting edge technology in the assistance of colon resection surgeries....

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Sacral Neuromodulation

What Is Sacral Neuromodulation? Sacral Neuromodulation is an effective solution for treating the symptoms of bowel (fecal) incontinence, overactive bladder, and non-obstructed urinary retention.  A small implantable device, like...

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Specialized Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy

What is Pelvic Floor Physical Therapy? The pelvic floor is a group of muscles in the pelvic area that supports the organs of the pelvis. Problems in the pelvic...

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